The best dancers of bambuco, a traditional Andean dance, are definitely born in Neiva. This is an experience that is not to be missed.
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Since colonial times, the department of Huila has been celebrating the feasts of Saint John and Saint Peter. These festivities are not only a large cultural sample full of music, dances, and costumes street marches, but a remembrance of very old traditions of this Colombian region.
Bambuco National Folk Festival and Beauty Pageant /Pic. 11559407@N08
The National Bambuco Festival began as homage to Saint John the Baptist, a saint from the old Christian Europe whose devotion was brought to America by the Spanish colonists. The feasts were made official in the eighteenth century to acclaim La Jura, an oath of obedience and respect to the King of Spain. Back then, the celebrations lasted ten days, during which the people participated in several events; among them, bullfights.
At the time, Saint John’s Day was a rural feast celebrated in the countryside by families who usually spent the day at the riverside, where a traditional huilense roast was prepared. On the contrary, Saint Peter’s Day was an urban feast developed in the city with horseback rides, fireworks, aguardiente (sugar cane spirits), and lots of music.
Starting in 1960, the festivities have been strengthened with rich and varied cultural offerings. Since then, the Folk Festival, a cultural heritage of the nation, is one of the better-organized ones and is only attended by groups with a proven musical record.
As no other city in the country, Neiva integrates a profound mosaic of the most authentic Colombian traditions in dance and music, which become visible during the famous, colorful folk parades.
The National Bambuco Festival was started in honor of San Juan Bautista, a saint from Old Europe who the Spaniards brought with them to the Americas.
Aside from the parades, one of the most important events is the bambuco encounter, where contestant couples exhibit their mastery of this traditional Andean dance through pure movements, and fleeting, delicate contact.
The bambuco is the typical rhythm and dance of the Colombian Andes and the loftiest expression of its folklore. In its beginnings, the bambuco was played with three typical instruments of the region: the bandola, the tiple, and the guitar. The tiple and the bandola are string instruments. The body of the tiple is similar to that of a guitar, but has twelve strings. The bandola is smaller and pear-shaped and may have between 12 to 18 strings. Over time, composers have been adding more complex orchestrations, to the point that at present all kinds of instruments and vocal groups are allowed to participate.
Men and women of all ages participate in the performance and prove their great musical talent. Men wear white pants, a colorfully embroidered shirt, a kerchief, a white aguadero hat, a carriel, a mulera, and a machete, while women where an embroidered half-sleeve blouse, a skirt decorated with horizontal strips of colored fabric at the hem, and a small, decorated aguadero hat.