Culture, Meet Colombia before traveling


Meet Colombia before traveling

  • Capital: Bogotá
  • Official Language: Spanish
  • Total population: 47.704.427 people
  • Time zone: COT (UTC-5)


The joyous, colourful cultural heritage of the Colombian people is visible in festivals and carnivals where music plays a leading role. Our roots are also reflected in crafts and archaeological sites, as well as paintings and sculptures by great artists.


The joy of Colombians is well reflected in its music. Rhythm is in our blood, especially in the Caribbean and Pacific coastal regions.


This rhythm, fundamental to Atlantic coast music, is the most representative of Colombia in the world. It is played with bagpipes, drums, maracas and a guacharaca (a percussion instrument).


Originating in Cuba, this rhythm entered the country through Barranquilla and was popularized in the late 1960s when Puerto Rican musicians performed in the Cali Fair, a city considered salsa´s "world capital”.


The Colombian Caribbean rhythm is named after the site where it was born: the Upar Valley. It is played with an accordion, box and guacharaca. Rafael Escalona and Alejo Durán are among its great composers.


national symbols

The Andean condor

The world's largest flying bird takes pride of place in the Colombian Coat of Arms.

Colombian Coffee 

Famous across the globe for its high quality, Colombian coffee is known for its smoothness and aroma.

The wax palm

Our national tree grows to 70 feet in height in the Cocora Valley (Quindío).

The orchid

Native to temperate climates, the ' cattleya trianae ' has been our national flower since 1936.