Colombia is a paradise for bird watchers. Whether for scientific purposes or simply out of curiosity, it is an amazing destination.
You are here:
Black-cheeked Woodpecker (Melanerpes pucherani) /Picture: Juan David Ramírez/
Biogeographic Chocó is one of the most important Biodiversity Hotspots in the world. In Colombia, the rainiest jungle in the world extends over the entire western part of the country in the departments of Chocó, Valle del Cauca, Nariño, Cauca, and a small section of Antioquia.
The jungle is framed by the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Andes Mountains to the east. The very humid tropical forest of this area, where more than 6.500 mm of rain can fall in a single year, allows a broad variety of animals and plants to coexist in these untamed jungles.
Bio-geographic Chocó: one of the most important Biodiversity Hotspots in the world
Poisonous frogs on the continent and seabirds on the islands of Malpelo and Gorgona are also important components of the Pacific Region.
The small Baudó and Darién mountain ranges are embedded in these jungles, where a couple of national natural parks and several protected areas have been established.
Red-legged Honeycreeper (Cyanerpes cyaneus) /Picture: Diego Calderón Franco/
Around 650 bird species inhabit the Colombian Pacific Region; endemics like the Baudó Oropendola (Psarocolius cassini) and the Baudó Guan (Penelope ortoni) are among the jewels of these jungles.
One of the best birding areas and with the easiest access is the Bahía Solano-Nuquí area, where the Ensenada de Utría National Park is found. Flights from any inland Colombian city are available to this region, where birdwatchers will be thrilled by the copious quantity of birds seen on any trail, beach, river or village.
Lemon-rumped Tanager (Ramphocelus icteronotus) /Picture: Diego Calderón Franco/
Fast boat transportation must be taken to move between towns. Rarities like the Colombian Crake (Neocrex colombianus) and the Sooty-capped Puffbird (Bucco noanamae) are immersed in these jungles, while Chocó specialties like the Great Curassow (Crax rubra), the Dusky Pigeon (Patagioenas goodsoni), the Blue Cotinga (Cotinga nattererii), and groups of Great Green Macaws (Ara ambiguus) and Choco Toucans (Ramphastos brevis) are everywhere!