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Grains of coffee, photography: Akatayama

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Varieties of Colombian coffee

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The most commercially important coffee species in the world are Arabica and Robusta, or Canephora.

Both were found growing wild in certain regions of Africa.

  • 70% of the coffee consumed in the world belongs to the species Coffea Arabica and is cultivated principally on highlands in the Americas and in several regions of Africa and Asia.
  • The remaining 30% is represented by Coffea Canephora, or Robusta, which is cultivated in African lowlands due its special conditions.

In Colombia, only Arabica coffees are cultivated. They produce a mild beverage with high acceptance in world markets.

The varieties of Arabica coffee cultivated in Colombia are the following:

Haga click sobre la imagen para ampliarla Some varieties of Colombian coffee

Some varieties of Colombian coffee /Picture: 100 por ciento café de Colombia/

  • Typical, also called arábigo, pajarito or nacional.
  • Bourbon.
  • Tabi is an excellent quality large-grain variety, ideal for obtaining special coffees.
  • Caturra.
  • Colombia variety.

Picture: 100 por ciento café de Colombia


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